Adrian Raine is a Professor in the Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology. His main area of interest is a new sub-discipline of Criminology called Neurocriminology. This subject applies neuroscience techniques to probe the causes of and cures for crime. His laboratory focuses on risk and protective factors for childhood conduct disorder, reactive and proactive aggression, adult antisocial personality disorder, homicide, and psychopathy. His team is also working on biological interventions for antisocial behavior, such as nutritional supplements. Techniques used in their research include structural and functional brain imaging, autonomic and central nervous system psychophysiology, neuroendocrinology, neuropsychology, genetics, x-ray fluorescence, and transcranial direct current stimulation.